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Environmental health hazards of e-cigarettes and their components: Oxidants and copper in e-cigarette aerosols: Lerner, C.A., Sundar, I.K., Watson, R.M., Elder, A., Jones, R., Done, D., Kurtzman, R., Ossip, D.J., Robinson, R., McIntosh, S., and Rahman, I.

Environmental health hazards of e-cigarettes and their components: Oxidants and copper in e-cigarette aerosols

Friday, January 9, 2015

Published in Environmental Pollution

Abstract

To narrow the gap in our understanding of potential oxidative properties associated with Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) i.e. e-cigarettes, we employed semi-quantitative methods to detect oxidant reactivity in disposable components of ENDS/e-cigarettes (batteries and cartomizers) using a fluorescein indicator. These components exhibit oxidants/reactive oxygen species reactivity similar to used conventional cigarette filters. Oxidants/reactive oxygen species reactivity in e-cigarette aerosols was also similar to oxidant reactivity in cigarette smoke. A cascade particle impactor allowed sieving of a range of particle size distributions between 0.450 and 2.02 μm in aerosols from an e-cigarette. Copper, being among these particles, is 6.1 times higher per puff than reported previously for conventional cigarette smoke. The detection of a potentially cytotoxic metal as well as oxidants from e-cigarette and its components raises concern regarding the safety of e-cigarettes use and the disposal of e-cigarette waste products into the environment.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25577651